Courses / Sustainable Student Guide

Sustainable Student Guide

0. Summary & Keywords

This IES Sustainability Guide is an informational and navigational tool available to all study abroad students eager to learn how to functionally navigate Barcelona while being Eco-friendly. It is a basic but extremely helpful tool for students looking to live sustainably in Barcelona. While past IES Sustainability guides have limited the topics discussed, this Sustainability Guide is unique because it compiles a broad range of things to do in Barcelona, allowing students to rely on it in many ways, including, public transportation, the orientation of Barcelona and all it has to offer. This map has pinpointed both IES Centers (Abroad Center and Urquinaona Center), other study abroad schools, local Universities and attractions, restaurants, markets, nightclubs, bars, the entire Metro line system, and possible bike routes. Our mission is to help students easily adjust to living in Barcelona, and feel comfortable and confident navigating this city while promoting sustainably conscious and environmentally responsible actions. This Sustainability Guide will be accessible on the IES website. It is interactive and relatable, because IES students have worked over years to create this resourceful guide. This is of great use to current and future students; it is easy to update or edit, and share among friends, which makes it even more sustainable. With this map, students have the opportunity to engage in more environmentally conscious and responsible activities, while simultaneously exploring the wonderful city of Barcelona, by safe and affordable means. What better way to help the planet, help peers, and help yourself. We hope you all take advantage of this map and commit to environmentally mindful choices while you explore Barcelona. We hope that students hear of this Sustainability Guide from their peers, and have a sustainable mindset upon their arrival in Barcelona.

Here are some helpful definitions and keywords that might ease the transition into use of our Sustainability Guide Map:

Feedback Loop: a common and powerful tool when designing a control system; takes the system output into consideration, which enables the system to adjust its performance to meet a desired output response.

Metro system: The Barcelona Metro is an unofficial brand name for an extensive network of rapid transit electrified railway lines that run mostly underground in central Barcelona and into the city's suburbs.

NitBus: Official brand name for an extensive network of night buses that run throughout the night in central Barcelona; updated in 2017 with every line, routes, stops and connections.

Sustainability: avoidance of the depletion of natural resources in order to maintain an ecological balance at a certain level or rate.

SWOT Analysis: a useful technique for understanding Strengths and Weaknesses, and for identifying both Opportunities open to you and possible Threats.

Upcycling: the process of transforming by-products, waste materials, useless, or unwanted products into new materials or products of better quality of for better environmental value; the opposite of downcycling, which is the other half of the recycling process.

Barcelona, Bus, Business, Cheap, Clothing, Cosmetics, Eating, Examples, Food, Groceries, Guide, IES Barcelona, IES Green, Localvores, Map, Night, Nitbus, Restaurants, Shop, Sustainability Club, Tips, Transportation, Travel

1. What is The Action?

This semester our group created a student sustainability guide. The guide consolidates information done by previous project teams including organic restaurants, the bus system, and bike paths, and it also included our own contributions. The action is to create materials that IES can distribute to IES students in the future. Our guide will aid students in using the transportation systems, understanding how to travel to various activities in the city, and knowing several organizations that practice sustainable initiatives. All these goals will help improve the awareness of sustainable transportation and organizations by disseminating information online and not in paper.

1.1 Similar Actions From Previous Semesters

Other project groups made similar guides promoting sustainable initiatives.

One group created a local sustainable business guide that listed several restaurants and markets that sell vegetarian or organic food options. The guide includes a map with each location and a list that gives a short description of each place and its address (it lists over 40 sustainable businesses in Barcelona). The list and map are compiled as a PDF document and the students have copyright ownership. The list can be accessed on the Site 2 sustainability website.

Another group also added a sustainability guide to the Site 2 which includes a page on sustainability tips and another page with information on using transportation. The first section on daily tips describes sustainable information such as how to recycle in the city. The second section on transportation explains the metro system (with a map), bike rentals, and walking options.

Another group made a guide of bike paths around the city. It includes a map showing a bike paths near popular attractions along with step by step directions.

Finally, one group created a guide on using the NitBus. They offered explanations on how to use the bus and they printed out a flyer that showed the route to every apartment, home stay, and residence hall used by the program.

1.2 Why This or a Similar Action Didn't Succeed in Previous Semesters

As highlighted in the previous section, similar actions in the past attempted to create guides for IES students. Unfortunately, these guides fell short for several reasons.

Other guides did not get support from the IES abroad center which limited the distribution and awareness among the students. One student claimed, “I would also inquire with the staff the possibility of adding the map or the link to the map in the IES Student Manual that is given to every student, which would ensure the longevity of this product as well as reduce the amount of paper waste that may come about with distribution.” While one group did manage to share bus route information on a facebook page, no group established a permanent and known place to access the guides. Students should be able to download or look up the guide online through IES. Either by email, Moodle, social media, or the IES website, IES needs to promote the guide so students know where and how they can access it. If the guide is included with the other online resources, this will ensure it is used and updated in the long term, and it will let students access it before the start of the program (when they need it the most).

Previous guides focused on transportation could have included more information. The NitBus guide is a great idea, but it didn’t describe how to use the bus system or purchase a ticket. Considering most IES students don’t know the city or its transportation systems when they arrive, it would be helpful to outline the steps it takes to access and buy a ticket for the bus and metro lines. A visual map that shows the routes in relation to the campus centers or other important locations would help students learn the layout of the transportation systems. All guides that have been made don’t include these details. Similarly, the IES website does not offer places to travel or how to use the metro and bus systems. While they do have maps in the student orientation booklet, these maps are confusing to use and don’t allow interaction with the map.

Overall, we think the guides on the bike routes, sustainable restaurants, and the Nitbus all have useful information, but they are not readily available for IES students. These guides are in different places, so there is a need to consolidate the information from all these guides so a student can access the information all at once. This way information isn’t lost and users can view or update a variety of information all at once.

1.3 SWOT Analysis


  • Helps students better understand and become more comfortable with using public transportation
  • Provides new students with places environmentally sustainable places to go to
  • Easily acquaints students with Barcelona
  • User Friendly
  • Saves students money
  • Having IES distribute it effectively so each student has easy access to it and knows about it
  • Does not specifically list where metro and bus stops are located
  • Doesn’t show directions so student would have to open another app to get this
  • Limit to only 10 layer categories on My Maps (hopefully they change this)
  • Save students money
  • Increase sustainable practices
  • Creating a sustainable guide that allows students to continue to build in the future
  • The possibility of the guide being passed onto other abroad programs in Barcelona
  • Difficulties in using or editing it
  • Students choosing to take taxis because they think it’s “quicker and easier”
  • Students messing up or not understanding how to update it
  • Not getting the approval the IES Abroad office

1.4 Feedback Loops

Feedback Loops will maintain and improve the sustainability guide in the long term.

IES distributes the guide to students > students who use it find it helpful > IES incentivized to continuing distributing the guide…

IES improves the guide and sustainable initiatives > students use more sustainable means of transportation and learn of sustainable activities around Barcelona > these students will desire more sustainable actions…

The guide is helpful to the students who use it > students who used the guide tell their friends about it > more people use the guide > more students are helped by the guide thus increasing the number of people using it…

Some students who use the guide will update and add more to it > the guide improves > more students will want to use the guide > more users leads to more updates and additions…

1.5 Advertising

IES can advertise the sustainability guide through several different mediums. This will increase awareness and let students access the guide through several platforms. Below are five different ways IES could advertise the guide.

· Facebook: IES is always promoting events on their facebook page. This is an easy way for them to share the guide while reaching everyone in IES. The link for the Google map can also be included on a facebook post.
· Email: IES can also send the guide as a PDF file by sharing it over email. This is a convenient way for students to download the guide and use it on their own.
· Moodle: IES uses Moodle for everything. Why not permanently include this along with their other materials.
· IES Orientation: Every student has to participate in orientation activities before they start their studies. This is a time students could be made aware of how to access the guide.
· IES Website: Before study abroad begins, students are required to review certain information on the program’s portal. The sustainability guide can be explained and distributed to students by making it a simple requirement. It would also allow students to learn about sustainability and prepare to use the transportation before they even arrive in Barcelona.

2. Why This Action Makes Things More Sustainable?

Our project will make things more sustainable for several reasons:

Environment: the materials used will be distributed online which will reduce the center’s use of paper; more students will know how to use more sustainable methods of transportation (walking, public transportation, and biking) instead of using a cab; students will be encouraged to eat at organic restaurants or participate in sustainable organizations.

Economic: knowing how to use public transportation and how to get to places more efficiently will save money spent on cab rides, mistakes with buying tickets, and time wasted getting lost; it will also save the IES center money due since the materials have no cost compared to the time and money they would have to spend creating something similar.

Social: students will benefit from the wealth of information on places to visit which will improve their overall abroad experience; students will be less stressed or confused about using the transportation systems and finding their way around the city; students can participate in more activities with friends and locals.

2.1 Potential Costs

There is the possibility embedding the guide into their website will come with the cost of paying the website creators. Additionally, if they want to get a map with more than 10 layers, they might have to pay for a better version. Other than that, this does not come with an upfront cost.

3. How Will You Implement it

We have created a electronic PDF version of our Sustainable Student Guide. We met with Elizabeth Ferreiro, IES Student Activities and Field Trips Specialist, and promoted our guide. During our meeting we presented our goals for the guide and walked her through the map as well as ways to edit and modify it.

We acknowledge that IES already has a student booklet, which is handed out during orientation but we wanted to include our guide in a “pre-departure” email to keep it in electronic format and from a student’s perspective. We have shared “ownership” of the google map with Ms. Ferreiro so that in the future it can be used or even modified by request from sustainability students seeking to expand and build on our efforts this semester. Ms. Ferreiro was very appreciative and supportive of our efforts and told us that she will discuss the prototype with Cèsar Alegre, Center Director of IES Abroad Barcelona. She recently got back to us saying that IES will use the guide and asked for our guide in a word document format so that they can modify it to use, which is exactly what we intended for individuals to be able to do in the future! Screenshots from the email conversation can be found in the annex below.

3.1 Prototype (Proof of Concept)

PDF Version of The Guide
IES Student Sustainability Guide Brochure (pdf)

Editable Word Document Version of The Guide
IES Student Sustainability Guide Brochure (docx)


3.2 "Cradle to Cradle" Design

The guide is electronically published, therefore, can be continuously updated and adapted to fit the current metropolis. This information can be used as a base for other projects or ideas can be taken to further other projects. Our PDF is completely electronic, reducing paper waste while simultaneously allowing for improvements without any waste of paper.

3.3 Flyers

Because we want to be as ecologically and economically effective, we created our PDF online instead of using flyers. Ies will decide how they want to distribute the PDF, promoting it through either social media or email.

3.4 Incentives

IES is incentivized to use the PDF because it allows them to provide a service which will optimize the student’s experience. IES, being an institution in Barcelona, wants to see the continual growth and fruition of Barcelona as a city. By providing students with places and ways to keep the city clean, they are aiding in keeping Barcelona clean. Students are incentivized to use the PDF because it serves as a quick and easy tool to navigate the city effectively and sustainably. Students can confidently know that they places they’re going to and the transportation services they are using are eco-friendly. This electronic guide could also help cut costs as an alternative to printing hundreds of welcome booklets for students every semester.

3.5 Relationship With The Other Initiatives Being Implemented

This project combines the work done by other groups. It integrates information already researched and implemented by past projects. For instance, one group created a map on the IES Go Green website that gives the location for shops, markets, and restaurants that sell natural products. We added these addresses to our map, along with bus information and bike routes from other groups onto our map/brochure.

3.6 How Will This Action be Sustained When You Are Not Here?

We hope to inspire IES to continue to endorse our guide as well as having other sustainability students update and maintain it. The creative common license will allow others to continue to work on and modify our guide without having to ask strict permission and maintaining the open source format.

3.7 Comparison to Similar Actions From Previous Semesters

While in the past other students have created IES Sustainability guides, the topics were limited. Nothing was done to describe how to get Metro/bus tickets, the steps to use the Metro and bus system, or create a visual/map of where the bus and Metro routes are in relation to college centers or popular sights students want to go to. We incorporated how to use the transportation system, where local and sustainable organizations are located and how to join them, and popular locations to go on one inclusive file. We also have made this PDF available for the entire student body, instead of solely students in the sustainability class.

4. Timesheet / Chronogram (Prototype of Schedule)

Month 1
Zack: Map compilation and guide
Carter: Clean tech startup research
Heather: Research water bottles
Allie: Research nightlife and how to navigate the map
Rachel: Research water bottles

Month 2
Zack: PDF creation/promotion
Carter: PDF promotion
Heather: Research restaurants and metro
Allie: Mission statement and keywords
Rachel: Research nightlife and bus system

Month 3
Zack: Write up/formatting
Carter: Write up/formatting
Heather: Write up/formatting
Allie: Write up/formatting
Rachel: Write up/formatting

4.1 Who Will Do What

PDF and map compilation → PDF Promotion

Clean-Tech startups → PDF Promotion

Water bottles → Restaurants and Metro system

Water bottles → bus system

Nightlife → guide introduction

4.2 What Has Been Done This Semester?

Zack worked on the making of the sustainable student guide. He was able to compile all of the information for transportation and restaurants into a feasible map for all students to use. Carter spent the semester researching clean tech startups and businesses in Barcelona. Heather and Rachel began the semester researching the many different types of water bottles and what the best option would be for IES. They decided they wanted to focus their time on the Sustainable Student Guide with the rest of the group to help build that to it’s fullest potential. Heather then spent the rest of the semester researching many different restaurants in Barcelona to give students ideas of where to eat, and also how to use Barcelona’s metro system. Rachel mapped out how to use Barcelona’s bus system, and Allie researched the nightlife in barcelona.

4.3 What Needs to be Done to Repeat The Action in The Future?

This complete Sustainable Student Guide luckily will not need to be repeated in the future. Students will be able to add to it with new information over the years, but no significant changes will need to be made unless it will need to be converted to a new software or program. With that being said, our guide is under the Attribution-Sharealike creative commons license and therefore all future modified versions must stay open source. It is important for IES to send this PDF out to students early enough before their arrival. In addition, if future students in this course intend to make changes or add more insightful information to the PDF, it is crucial for them to meet with administration early on so both sides are clear on what needs to be done to implement those improvements.

5. Document Format

Our final product was the student guide in a brochure/magazine format. Our goal is not only to inform future students about Barcelona and ways to make their time abroad more sustainable, but we also want to allow them to be able to use our final product and update it in order to keep it as accurate and beneficial as possible. Part of this open source is transferring editing power of our map to IES administration and future students (considering it is meant for IES students). Our final document was saved in PDF format and unfortunately we were not able to save it as an .odt document. This is the standard format that is internationally recognized by the ISO. Despite being unable to do this we were able to convert it into an editable docx format and we still encourage indivuduals to copy and modify our product in the future. We want our product to be open source and to not have future students have to gather all the information from different groups like we did. This way the guide can be built on and expanded for as long as anyone decides to contribute.

6. Bibliography

"Àrea Metropolitana De Barcelona." Área Metropolitana De Barcelona. Área Metropolitana De
Barcelona, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017

"Barcelona Is a Leader in Sustainable Tourism." Meet Barcelona. Meet Barcelona, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017

Fehrenbacher, Katie. "4 Startups Designing A Greener World." Fortune.com. Fortune, 18 May 2016. Web. 18 Apr. 2017

"Home." Watly - the First Thermodynamic Computer in the World. Watly, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017

"La Fàbrica Del Sol." Ajuntament De Barcelona. Ajuntament De Barcelona, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017

"Opening MACHINIC PROTOCOL Exhibition." IAAC. IAAC, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017

"PlayToRide." Barcelona Startups List. Startups Lists, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017

"SB'16 Barcelona." SB'16 Barcelona. Sustainable Brands, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017

"Smart Mobility, Smart Business." Taxi Ecològic. Taxi Ecològic, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017

"Sustainability - Visit Barcelona." Turisme De Barcelona. Turisme De Barcelona, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017

"WE ARE BUILDING THE FUTURE." Barcelona Housing Systems. Barcelona Housing Systems, 03 Aug.
2017. Web. 18 Apr. 2017

7. Other References

Previous Projects:

Abu-Taleb, Sarah, Colin Foley, Emily McCollester-Purlee, and Sara Touey. Barcelona Travel Board.
Sustainability.seeds4c. N.p., 01 Jan. 2016. Web. 17 Mar. 2017

Cooperstein, Alexis, Nicholas Hahm, Kieran Hanlon, and Simos Mandros. Nitbus Student Guide.
Sustainability.seeds4c. N.p., 13 Apr. 2015. Web. 19 Feb. 2017

Hazelwood, Jackie, Sara Blatchford, and Elsa Gomez Pena. Map of Local and Sustainable Businesses
in Barcelona. Sustainability.seeds4c. N.p., 10 May 2015. Web. 20 Feb. 2017

Closs, Garrett, Carlye Beyer, Amy Laresch, Giovanni Giaco, Cecilia Griffith, and Steven Kurina. Local
Vore. Sustainability.seeds4c. N.p., 01 May 2016. Web. 12 Mar. 2017

IES Administration

Ms. Elizabeth Ferreiro, IES Student Activities and Field Trips Specialist - she spoke to our team and forwarded our proposal to Cèsar Alegre, Center Director, IES Abroad Barcelona.

8. Annexes

Produced Documents (Final Product)

PDF Version of The Guide:
IES Student Sustainability Guide Brochure (pdf)

Editable Word Document Version of The Guide:
IES Student Sustainability Guide Brochure (docx)

Sustainable Business Links


Barcelona Housing Systems:
Area Metropolitana de Barcelona: http://www.amb.cat/en/web/medi-ambient/sostenibilitat/canvi-climatic
Taxi Ecologic:

La Fabrica del Sol:

Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalunya (FabLab):

Transportation Information Links

Overview of Bus Lines:

Overview of Nitbus:

Images Used
Credit: Barcelona Tourist Guide
Barcelona Metro Map Printable

Email Conversation Screenshots
Screen Shot 2017 04 19 At 8.07.18 PM

For our product we decided to use a Creative Commons (CC) copyright license, specifically the Attribution-Sharealike license, which allows others to freely use our work but by abiding by the same terms in which the original product was created while giving credit to the original designers. Restricting users of your product to abide by the same terms and license will keep all future products and modified forms open source and accessible to anyone.

Unless elsewhere noted, the contents of this report are released with a Attribution-Sharealike copyright license.

8.2 What Did You Learn And What Did You Incorporate From The Feedback Received?

A lot of our feedback was about the organization and the content of our midterm plan. Most of our work was completed on Google Docs and so with our final paper, we cleaned up the format and provided more sufficient content in the wiki page.

Another large theme in the feedback we received was that it needed to be more “sustainable”. We added more in our Sustainable Businesses and Startups section as well as improved our transportation descriptions.

Finally, we decided to meet with Elizabeth Ferreiro in the IES Administration office to promote our guide and interactive map. Through this process we learned not only about research skills but also our communication skills greatly improved, especially convincing Ms. Ferreiro to incorporate, if not the whole product, at least some components of our guide as well as teaching her how to edit and modify the map.

8.3 Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Ms. Elizabeth Ferreiro, IES Student Activities and Field Trips Specialist, for taking time to meet with us and discussing the potential to implement and include our guide in the coming years’ official welcome packet.

8.4 Students Involved in This Action

Allie Mcbrearty, Heather Ogden, Rachel Brodsky, Zack Gilbert, and Carter Laible

Feedback from your class mates through the Peer-Review Assignment
Items found: 6
ReviewerThings to keepThings to improve
caseykuglarI think your advertising plan is the strongest part of your paper. Improving the distribution of and access to the guide is really what makes it sustainable. I like the concern of being able to update it. It shows that you are thinking longterm. And I especially agree that the guide should be available before the program when students are trying to plan ahead and get a feel for a city they have most likely never been to. Also you do a great job of explaining a feedback loop which was a term I struggled with in class."...allowing students to rely on it in many ways, including, public transportation, the orientation of Barcelona and all it has to offer," this sentence confuses me and I think there may be a clearer way to list exactly what the guide has to offer. You also mention that the guide will show students ways to keep the city clean, but there in no mention anywhere else in your paper that explains how this will be done. Will students be participating in IES sponsored clean up days, will they adopt a better recycling program?
kerigeeI think that it will be very effective and efficient for you guys to use electronics to communicate what your goals are (3.3) since email is something that everyone checks frequently, students are bound to see your flyers and what you have to say. You also have a clear understanding of what has and hasn't worked in the past, and I think you can build off of that to determine what will be the best solution for your project. I like how you have a list of the Clean Tech/Businesses in BCN, but I would link that to how you can use it in your project and how they can be useful to students. Lastly, I like how you have added some of the popular areas in BCN for students to go to, maybe you can make a map for each of the sections (e.g. night life clubs/bar, restaurants, shops) that you can make flyers of.In 3.7 I don't know if this was planned or wanted, but you guys repeat the same exact sentence around 3 times, so you might want to edit it and change it to what you want to say. Have you guys looked into lowering the costs of the "welcome kit"? (What is the welcome kit?) In the SWOT analysis, you're forgetting the Opportunities and Threats part of it. Maybe something that you can add to the "google maps part" is a "how to" section. For example, what I did is add a home and work address which makes it easier to find my way to school/home from anywhere I am. You can probably do this with other popular locations that are common for students to go to daily/weekly. Overall I think this is a good start! There could be more organization and structure to some parts of it but I know how confusing putting this together can be so it just takes time and learning how to use it properly to fix.
lrickert1The idea behind this student guide is very solid. I really like the idea of giving students a guide to Barcelona that not only gives them suggestions around the city, but has sustainability as an over arching theme. A lot of my friends have provided guides for restaurants and attractions, however nothing that talks about public transportation or recommendations that coincide with a sustainable lifestyle. I think this is a great idea to provide to students in the orientation materials at the beginning of the semester.It seems that this isn’t quite finished yet, however I am looking forward to seeing what your actual recommendations are. As a student in the beginning of the semester, I would have liked to received a list of places to go, and sustainable ways to get around BCN. Maybe also include a section that explains why a sustainable lifestyle is important to the people of Barcelona, thus giving a reason why your guide is relevant. I really like this idea and I can’t wait to see what your group comes up with!
rosiehakimI think you have some very useful elements in the guide you have proposed. To highlight a few, I believe the map, public transportation guide, bike routes, and metro sustainable organizations are all aspects that will not only be useful for students but also reflect what we have learned in this course and will allow students to make smarter decisions and be more resourceful during there time here. I also really like that you plan to electronically publish the guide, as I believe this will reach students better and of course be better for the environment.There are a few elements of your guide that I think are useful to students, but not related to sustainable efforts. For example, bars/clubs, restaurants and local attractions for me stand out as tourist-related leisurely activities. While I believe a guide would be very useful for these things as well, my only hesitation with including them in your guide is that they may distract students from your mission which is to spread awareness about how to live a sustainable life in Barcelona. I also think you might be risk that students only use the guide for the leisurely activities, and not for other things such as sustainable organizations. That being said, I believe you can still include these aspects if you perhaps put them at the end and put a sustainable twist on them. For example, you could highlight some restaurants and markets that encourage a sustainable life style (and feature them as great places to go for students). I think you have great content and very useful information, but will just need to be careful about how you organize the items and structure the guide in order to emphasize the sustainable life style suggestions/guidance and make meaningful change. Another element I may add is within the context of sustainable organizations, maybe you could provide information on how students could explore internship opportunities or simply visit these places by giving links to sign-ups for visits and things of this nature, just so students have a direct way of getting involved with the organizations.
william_macfarlaneI think the information surrounding the concept is accurate. For most of the template that is filled out, the information is to the point and makes sense. The idea of creating a "sustainable student guide" is awesome, and is something that can be easily added to by future students. This guide is absolutely sustainable. Make sure to keep all transportation routes, restaurants, businesses, bars, etcetera within the map.Obviously, as you guys probably know, there needs to be more information added to the template. The outline and idea seems to be okay, but in order to have a complete student guide, more transportation routes, restaurants, shops and businesses need to be incorporated. As we all know this is just a midpoint review of the project, but as of now there is no physical representation of the "sustainable student guide." All in all, the project is in the right direction, and I look forward to seeing the final product.
wmacmill@bowdoin.eduI think the sustainable student guide is a great idea for IES students and anyone who is knew to the city or region. I really like the diversity of the student guide and the way it covers the most important facets and points of interest of life in Barcelona. The guide strikes me as being easy and efficient to use while being a viable option for IES to utilize in the future. So far, it seems as though the wide range yet specific locations in the city you have incorporated creates a great guide for students and tourists alike.I think one way to enhance the guide is to include more sustainable ideas and "green" places of interest. You have created the guide in such a way that people will want to use it, which provides a great opportunity to offer efficient suggestions and sustainable practices while in Barcelona. For example, "In addition to using the metro and taxis, also make sure to check out Barcelona´s advanced bicycle service, which offers a great way to get around the city." I think adding something to that affect would only strengthen an already well put together plan. Lastly, I think it is important to keep in mind why your guide is different from others. In other words, what is going to make students use this guide instead of using google on their phones or other sources of information? In any case, so far so good. Well done.

Page last modified on Tuesday 09 of May, 2017 23:31:27