Table of contents
- 0. Summary & Keywords
- 1. What is The Action?
- 2. Why This Action Makes Things More Sustainable?
- 3. How Will You Implement it
- 4. Timesheet / Chronogram (Prototype of Schedule)
- 5. Document Format
- 6. Bibliography
- 7. Other References
- 8. Annexes
0. Summary & Keywords
This IES Sustainability Guide is an informational and navigational tool available to all study abroad students eager to learn how to functionally navigate Barcelona while being Eco-friendly. It is a basic but extremely helpful tool for students looking to live sustainably in Barcelona. While past IES Sustainability guides have limited the topics discussed, this Sustainability Guide is unique because it compiles a broad range of things to do in Barcelona, allowing students to rely on it in many ways, including, public transportation, the orientation of Barcelona and all it has to offer. This map has pinpointed both IES Centers (Abroad Center and Urquinaona Center), other study abroad schools, local Universities and attractions, restaurants, markets, nightclubs, bars, the entire Metro line system, and possible bike routes. Our mission is to help students easily adjust to living in Barcelona, and feel comfortable and confident navigating this city while promoting sustainably conscious and environmentally responsible actions. This Sustainability Guide will be accessible on the IES website. It is interactive and relatable, because IES students have worked over years to create this resourceful guide. This is of great use to current and future students; it is easy to update or edit, and share among friends, which makes it even more sustainable. With this map, students have the opportunity to engage in more environmentally conscious and responsible activities, while simultaneously exploring the wonderful city of Barcelona, by safe and affordable means. What better way to help the planet, help peers, and help yourself. We hope you all take advantage of this map and commit to environmentally mindful choices while you explore Barcelona. We hope that students hear of this Sustainability Guide from their peers, and have a sustainable mindset upon their arrival in Barcelona.
Here are some helpful definitions and keywords that might ease the transition into use of our Sustainability Guide Map:
Feedback Loop: a common and powerful tool when designing a control system; takes the system output into consideration, which enables the system to adjust its performance to meet a desired output response.
Metro system: The Barcelona Metro is an unofficial brand name for an extensive network of rapid transit electrified railway lines that run mostly underground in central Barcelona and into the city's suburbs.
NitBus: Official brand name for an extensive network of night buses that run throughout the night in central Barcelona; updated in 2017 with every line, routes, stops and connections.
Sustainability: avoidance of the depletion of natural resources in order to maintain an ecological balance at a certain level or rate.
SWOT Analysis: a useful technique for understanding Strengths and Weaknesses, and for identifying both Opportunities open to you and possible Threats.
Upcycling: the process of transforming by-products, waste materials, useless, or unwanted products into new materials or products of better quality of for better environmental value; the opposite of downcycling, which is the other half of the recycling process.
Barcelona, Bus, Business, Cheap, Clothing, Cosmetics, Eating, Examples, Food, Groceries, Guide, IES Barcelona, IES Green, Localvores, Map, Night, Nitbus, Restaurants, Shop, Sustainability Club, Tips, Transportation, Travel
1. What is The Action?
This semester our group created a student sustainability guide. The guide consolidates information done by previous project teams including organic restaurants, the bus system, and bike paths, and it also included our own contributions. The action is to create materials that IES can distribute to IES students in the future. Our guide will aid students in using the transportation systems, understanding how to travel to various activities in the city, and knowing several organizations that practice sustainable initiatives. All these goals will help improve the awareness of sustainable transportation and organizations by disseminating information online and not in paper.
1.1 Similar Actions From Previous Semesters
Other project groups made similar guides promoting sustainable initiatives.
One group created a local sustainable business guide that listed several restaurants and markets that sell vegetarian or organic food options. The guide includes a map with each location and a list that gives a short description of each place and its address (it lists over 40 sustainable businesses in Barcelona). The list and map are compiled as a PDF document and the students have copyright ownership. The list can be accessed on the Site 2 sustainability website.
Another group also added a sustainability guide to the Site 2 which includes a page on sustainability tips and another page with information on using transportation. The first section on daily tips describes sustainable information such as how to recycle in the city. The second section on transportation explains the metro system (with a map), bike rentals, and walking options.
Another group made a guide of bike paths around the city. It includes a map showing a bike paths near popular attractions along with step by step directions.
Finally, one group created a guide on using the NitBus. They offered explanations on how to use the bus and they printed out a flyer that showed the route to every apartment, home stay, and residence hall used by the program.
1.2 Why This or a Similar Action Didn't Succeed in Previous Semesters
As highlighted in the previous section, similar actions in the past attempted to create guides for IES students. Unfortunately, these guides fell short for several reasons.
Other guides did not get support from the IES abroad center which limited the distribution and awareness among the students. One student claimed, “I would also inquire with the staff the possibility of adding the map or the link to the map in the IES Student Manual that is given to every student, which would ensure the longevity of this product as well as reduce the amount of paper waste that may come about with distribution.” While one group did manage to share bus route information on a facebook page, no group established a permanent and known place to access the guides. Students should be able to download or look up the guide online through IES. Either by email, Moodle, social media, or the IES website, IES needs to promote the guide so students know where and how they can access it. If the guide is included with the other online resources, this will ensure it is used and updated in the long term, and it will let students access it before the start of the program (when they need it the most).
Previous guides focused on transportation could have included more information. The NitBus guide is a great idea, but it didn’t describe how to use the bus system or purchase a ticket. Considering most IES students don’t know the city or its transportation systems when they arrive, it would be helpful to outline the steps it takes to access and buy a ticket for the bus and metro lines. A visual map that shows the routes in relation to the campus centers or other important locations would help students learn the layout of the transportation systems. All guides that have been made don’t include these details. Similarly, the IES website does not offer places to travel or how to use the metro and bus systems. While they do have maps in the student orientation booklet, these maps are confusing to use and don’t allow interaction with the map.
Overall, we think the guides on the bike routes, sustainable restaurants, and the Nitbus all have useful information, but they are not readily available for IES students. These guides are in different places, so there is a need to consolidate the information from all these guides so a student can access the information all at once. This way information isn’t lost and users can view or update a variety of information all at once.
1.3 SWOT Analysis
1.4 Feedback Loops
Feedback Loops will maintain and improve the sustainability guide in the long term.
IES distributes the guide to students > students who use it find it helpful > IES incentivized to continuing distributing the guide…
IES improves the guide and sustainable initiatives > students use more sustainable means of transportation and learn of sustainable activities around Barcelona > these students will desire more sustainable actions…
The guide is helpful to the students who use it > students who used the guide tell their friends about it > more people use the guide > more students are helped by the guide thus increasing the number of people using it…
Some students who use the guide will update and add more to it > the guide improves > more students will want to use the guide > more users leads to more updates and additions…
IES can advertise the sustainability guide through several different mediums. This will increase awareness and let students access the guide through several platforms. Below are five different ways IES could advertise the guide.
· Facebook: IES is always promoting events on their facebook page. This is an easy way for them to share the guide while reaching everyone in IES. The link for the Google map can also be included on a facebook post.
· Email: IES can also send the guide as a PDF file by sharing it over email. This is a convenient way for students to download the guide and use it on their own.
· Moodle: IES uses Moodle for everything. Why not permanently include this along with their other materials.
· IES Orientation: Every student has to participate in orientation activities before they start their studies. This is a time students could be made aware of how to access the guide.
· IES Website: Before study abroad begins, students are required to review certain information on the program’s portal. The sustainability guide can be explained and distributed to students by making it a simple requirement. It would also allow students to learn about sustainability and prepare to use the transportation before they even arrive in Barcelona.
2. Why This Action Makes Things More Sustainable?
Our project will make things more sustainable for several reasons:
Environment: the materials used will be distributed online which will reduce the center’s use of paper; more students will know how to use more sustainable methods of transportation (walking, public transportation, and biking) instead of using a cab; students will be encouraged to eat at organic restaurants or participate in sustainable organizations.
Economic: knowing how to use public transportation and how to get to places more efficiently will save money spent on cab rides, mistakes with buying tickets, and time wasted getting lost; it will also save the IES center money due since the materials have no cost compared to the time and money they would have to spend creating something similar.
Social: students will benefit from the wealth of information on places to visit which will improve their overall abroad experience; students will be less stressed or confused about using the transportation systems and finding their way around the city; students can participate in more activities with friends and locals.
2.1 Potential Costs
There is the possibility embedding the guide into their website will come with the cost of paying the website creators. Additionally, if they want to get a map with more than 10 layers, they might have to pay for a better version. Other than that, this does not come with an upfront cost.
3. How Will You Implement it
We have created a electronic PDF version of our Sustainable Student Guide. We met with Elizabeth Ferreiro, IES Student Activities and Field Trips Specialist, and promoted our guide. During our meeting we presented our goals for the guide and walked her through the map as well as ways to edit and modify it.
We acknowledge that IES already has a student booklet, which is handed out during orientation but we wanted to include our guide in a “pre-departure” email to keep it in electronic format and from a student’s perspective. We have shared “ownership” of the google map with Ms. Ferreiro so that in the future it can be used or even modified by request from sustainability students seeking to expand and build on our efforts this semester. Ms. Ferreiro was very appreciative and supportive of our efforts and told us that she will discuss the prototype with Cèsar Alegre, Center Director of IES Abroad Barcelona. She recently got back to us saying that IES will use the guide and asked for our guide in a word document format so that they can modify it to use, which is exactly what we intended for individuals to be able to do in the future! Screenshots from the email conversation can be found in the annex below.
3.1 Prototype (Proof of Concept)
PDF Version of The Guide
IES Student Sustainability Guide Brochure (pdf)
Editable Word Document Version of The Guide
IES Student Sustainability Guide Brochure (docx)
3.2 "Cradle to Cradle" Design
The guide is electronically published, therefore, can be continuously updated and adapted to fit the current metropolis. This information can be used as a base for other projects or ideas can be taken to further other projects. Our PDF is completely electronic, reducing paper waste while simultaneously allowing for improvements without any waste of paper.
Because we want to be as ecologically and economically effective, we created our PDF online instead of using flyers. Ies will decide how they want to distribute the PDF, promoting it through either social media or email.
IES is incentivized to use the PDF because it allows them to provide a service which will optimize the student’s experience. IES, being an institution in Barcelona, wants to see the continual growth and fruition of Barcelona as a city. By providing students with places and ways to keep the city clean, they are aiding in keeping Barcelona clean. Students are incentivized to use the PDF because it serves as a quick and easy tool to navigate the city effectively and sustainably. Students can confidently know that they places they’re going to and the transportation services they are using are eco-friendly. This electronic guide could also help cut costs as an alternative to printing hundreds of welcome booklets for students every semester.
3.5 Relationship With The Other Initiatives Being Implemented
This project combines the work done by other groups. It integrates information already researched and implemented by past projects. For instance, one group created a map on the IES Go Green website that gives the location for shops, markets, and restaurants that sell natural products. We added these addresses to our map, along with bus information and bike routes from other groups onto our map/brochure.
3.6 How Will This Action be Sustained When You Are Not Here?
We hope to inspire IES to continue to endorse our guide as well as having other sustainability students update and maintain it. The creative common license will allow others to continue to work on and modify our guide without having to ask strict permission and maintaining the open source format.
3.7 Comparison to Similar Actions From Previous Semesters
While in the past other students have created IES Sustainability guides, the topics were limited. Nothing was done to describe how to get Metro/bus tickets, the steps to use the Metro and bus system, or create a visual/map of where the bus and Metro routes are in relation to college centers or popular sights students want to go to. We incorporated how to use the transportation system, where local and sustainable organizations are located and how to join them, and popular locations to go on one inclusive file. We also have made this PDF available for the entire student body, instead of solely students in the sustainability class.
4. Timesheet / Chronogram (Prototype of Schedule)
Zack: Map compilation and guide
Carter: Clean tech startup research
Heather: Research water bottles
Allie: Research nightlife and how to navigate the map
Rachel: Research water bottles
Zack: PDF creation/promotion
Carter: PDF promotion
Heather: Research restaurants and metro
Allie: Mission statement and keywords
Rachel: Research nightlife and bus system
Zack: Write up/formatting
Carter: Write up/formatting
Heather: Write up/formatting
Allie: Write up/formatting
Rachel: Write up/formatting
4.1 Who Will Do What
PDF and map compilation → PDF Promotion
Clean-Tech startups → PDF Promotion
Water bottles → Restaurants and Metro system
Water bottles → bus system
Nightlife → guide introduction
4.2 What Has Been Done This Semester?
Zack worked on the making of the sustainable student guide. He was able to compile all of the information for transportation and restaurants into a feasible map for all students to use. Carter spent the semester researching clean tech startups and businesses in Barcelona. Heather and Rachel began the semester researching the many different types of water bottles and what the best option would be for IES. They decided they wanted to focus their time on the Sustainable Student Guide with the rest of the group to help build that to it’s fullest potential. Heather then spent the rest of the semester researching many different restaurants in Barcelona to give students ideas of where to eat, and also how to use Barcelona’s metro system. Rachel mapped out how to use Barcelona’s bus system, and Allie researched the nightlife in barcelona.
4.3 What Needs to be Done to Repeat The Action in The Future?
This complete Sustainable Student Guide luckily will not need to be repeated in the future. Students will be able to add to it with new information over the years, but no significant changes will need to be made unless it will need to be converted to a new software or program. With that being said, our guide is under the Attribution-Sharealike creative commons license and therefore all future modified versions must stay open source. It is important for IES to send this PDF out to students early enough before their arrival. In addition, if future students in this course intend to make changes or add more insightful information to the PDF, it is crucial for them to meet with administration early on so both sides are clear on what needs to be done to implement those improvements.
5. Document Format
Our final product was the student guide in a brochure/magazine format. Our goal is not only to inform future students about Barcelona and ways to make their time abroad more sustainable, but we also want to allow them to be able to use our final product and update it in order to keep it as accurate and beneficial as possible. Part of this open source is transferring editing power of our map to IES administration and future students (considering it is meant for IES students). Our final document was saved in PDF format and unfortunately we were not able to save it as an .odt document. This is the standard format that is internationally recognized by the ISO. Despite being unable to do this we were able to convert it into an editable docx format and we still encourage indivuduals to copy and modify our product in the future. We want our product to be open source and to not have future students have to gather all the information from different groups like we did. This way the guide can be built on and expanded for as long as anyone decides to contribute.
"Àrea Metropolitana De Barcelona." Área Metropolitana De Barcelona. Área Metropolitana De
Barcelona, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017
"Barcelona Is a Leader in Sustainable Tourism." Meet Barcelona. Meet Barcelona, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017
Fehrenbacher, Katie. "4 Startups Designing A Greener World." Fortune.com. Fortune, 18 May 2016. Web. 18 Apr. 2017
"Home." Watly - the First Thermodynamic Computer in the World. Watly, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017
"La Fàbrica Del Sol." Ajuntament De Barcelona. Ajuntament De Barcelona, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017
"Opening MACHINIC PROTOCOL Exhibition." IAAC. IAAC, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017
"PlayToRide." Barcelona Startups List. Startups Lists, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017
"SB'16 Barcelona." SB'16 Barcelona. Sustainable Brands, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017
"Smart Mobility, Smart Business." Taxi Ecològic. Taxi Ecològic, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017
"Sustainability - Visit Barcelona." Turisme De Barcelona. Turisme De Barcelona, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017
"WE ARE BUILDING THE FUTURE." Barcelona Housing Systems. Barcelona Housing Systems, 03 Aug.
2017. Web. 18 Apr. 2017
7. Other References
Abu-Taleb, Sarah, Colin Foley, Emily McCollester-Purlee, and Sara Touey. Barcelona Travel Board.
Sustainability.seeds4c. N.p., 01 Jan. 2016. Web. 17 Mar. 2017
Cooperstein, Alexis, Nicholas Hahm, Kieran Hanlon, and Simos Mandros. Nitbus Student Guide.
Sustainability.seeds4c. N.p., 13 Apr. 2015. Web. 19 Feb. 2017
Hazelwood, Jackie, Sara Blatchford, and Elsa Gomez Pena. Map of Local and Sustainable Businesses
in Barcelona. Sustainability.seeds4c. N.p., 10 May 2015. Web. 20 Feb. 2017
Closs, Garrett, Carlye Beyer, Amy Laresch, Giovanni Giaco, Cecilia Griffith, and Steven Kurina. Local
Vore. Sustainability.seeds4c. N.p., 01 May 2016. Web. 12 Mar. 2017
Ms. Elizabeth Ferreiro, IES Student Activities and Field Trips Specialist - she spoke to our team and forwarded our proposal to Cèsar Alegre, Center Director, IES Abroad Barcelona.
Produced Documents (Final Product)
PDF Version of The Guide:
IES Student Sustainability Guide Brochure (pdf)
Editable Word Document Version of The Guide:
IES Student Sustainability Guide Brochure (docx)
Sustainable Business Links
Barcelona Housing Systems:
Area Metropolitana de Barcelona: http://www.amb.cat/en/web/medi-ambient/sostenibilitat/canvi-climatic
La Fabrica del Sol:
Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalunya (FabLab):
Transportation Information Links
Overview of Bus Lines:
Overview of Nitbus:
8.1 Copyright License of Your Report
For our product we decided to use a Creative Commons (CC) copyright license, specifically the Attribution-Sharealike license, which allows others to freely use our work but by abiding by the same terms in which the original product was created while giving credit to the original designers. Restricting users of your product to abide by the same terms and license will keep all future products and modified forms open source and accessible to anyone.
Unless elsewhere noted, the contents of this report are released with a Attribution-Sharealike copyright license.
8.2 What Did You Learn And What Did You Incorporate From The Feedback Received?
A lot of our feedback was about the organization and the content of our midterm plan. Most of our work was completed on Google Docs and so with our final paper, we cleaned up the format and provided more sufficient content in the wiki page.
Another large theme in the feedback we received was that it needed to be more “sustainable”. We added more in our Sustainable Businesses and Startups section as well as improved our transportation descriptions.
Finally, we decided to meet with Elizabeth Ferreiro in the IES Administration office to promote our guide and interactive map. Through this process we learned not only about research skills but also our communication skills greatly improved, especially convincing Ms. Ferreiro to incorporate, if not the whole product, at least some components of our guide as well as teaching her how to edit and modify the map.
We would like to thank Ms. Elizabeth Ferreiro, IES Student Activities and Field Trips Specialist, for taking time to meet with us and discussing the potential to implement and include our guide in the coming years’ official welcome packet.
8.4 Students Involved in This Action
Allie Mcbrearty, Heather Ogden, Rachel Brodsky, Zack Gilbert, and Carter Laible