__1. Solar Energy Council: Education and Installation
__(Daniel Karson).

1.1. What

My action is centered on educating the IES staff and students about solar energy and hopefully moving towards creating a group that manages and raises a fund to pay for the installation of solar energy panels to help run or run all together the electricity of IES. The money raised will be student run fundraisers such as bake sales or pizza sales. Students can contact promoters of nightclubs, bars, and restaurants to organize a benefit event for one night to help raise money. Also the city of barcelona supports green technology and could be a reliable source for funding.

1.1.1. Similar actions form previous semesters

Fotónico, Kit. "(solar panel) Action". 2010.
I learned about how to implement this action better by reading Kit’s action page.
Li Li. "Solar Panel Installation". 2011.
I learned about why and how solar panels can be a benefit and cost to IES and why it is sustainable by reading Li Li’s action page.
Altman, Langley. Rees, Maggie. "Sustainability Orientation and Continuing Education". 2009.
From this action page I learned how to implement my action into others’ actions and how to advertise it better.

1.1.2. SWOT Analysis

• Self generated electricity
• Decreased energy costs
• Decreases dependency on nuclear generated electricity
• Promotes idea of cradle to cradle
• Utilizes the solar power
• Promotion of sustainability have the ability to evoke an emotional response to persuade students to donate

• Large installation cost (about 2,000 euros)
• Governmental regulations (must look into policies regarding green energy)

• Help IES with electricity usage and cost
• Decrease carbon footprint from IES Barcelona students
• Give back to the Barcelona community
• Pays off after five years
- the installation would be about 2,000 euros, while over five years the amount spent on energy sources now would equal more than 3,000 Euros

• Students wont care that much or won't see it as an easier process for them
• No one is going to take care of the fund if solar panel is not installed this semester
• The possibility of students unwilling to donate

1.1.3. Feedback loop

Students Read and Comprehend the importance of clean and renewable energy -> more attention and awareness of eco-effectiveness -> Installation of solar panel -> increase electricity generated by solar power -> IES becoming greener -> possible further installation of environmental friendly items-> success of ies solar energy will make the technology known to other student organizations and buildings
(This is a reinforcing loop since there is an even number of positive casual links, all are positive links)

1.1.4. Advertising

I will work other students to market the action and place brochures containing information about the action in the IES starter packet that John McCoy is putting together. Also, for informational meetings there will be free pizza and drinks. Ultimately, I hope to have the action known by the majority of students at IES so it has full support.

1.2. Why this action makes things more sustainable?

Solar energy is the technology used to harness the sun's energy and make it useable. Today, the technology produces less than one tenth of one percent of global energy demand. Many people are familiar with so-called photovoltaic cells, or solar panels, found on things like spacecraft, rooftops, and handheld calculators. The cells are made of semiconductor materials like those found in computer chips. When sunlight hits the cells, it knocks electrons loose from their atoms. As the electrons flow through the cell, they generate electricity. Solar energy is lauded as an inexhaustible fuel source that is pollution and often noise free. The technology is also versatile. For example, solar cells generate energy for far-out places like satellites in Earth orbit and cabins deep in the Rocky Mountains as easily as they can power downtown buildings and futuristic cars. Unfortunately there are some downsides, solar energy doesn't work at night without a storage device such as a battery, and cloudy weather can make the technology unreliable during the day. However, the fact remains that solar technologies are also very expensive tax incentives, solar electricity can often pay for itself in five to ten years. Thus, this action is very beneficial for IES.
(Sources: look at 1.5)

1.2.1. Potential Benefits

• Reduce IES Barcelona Abroad ecological footprint
• Reduce electricity cost
• Produce & Promote clean energy
• Improves IES’s image of being ‘green’
• IES as an example of using solar energy in Barcelona area
• Increases public awareness of action

1.2.2. Potential Costs

• Less than 2,500 Euros (Li Li)
• Governmental intervention with regulations
• Organization of sponsors and donations
• Fundraising events
• Time to promote this idea to IES faculty members and directors

1.3. How

On an IES based level I will work with John McCoy, Kevin Mahoney, and Michael Moran to create a sustainability information and opportunity packet consisting of solar energy information to allow for students to fully understand the concept. When it comes to outside sources, 30-70% of water consumed in Spain must be heated by solar energy. Thus, there is a big presence and support for solar energy in the city. Also, with the cost of 100KWh of electricity at €25.81, it is safe to say that going solar is financially beneficial. Since 2000, all new buildings and those undergoing major renovation have had to have solar energy sources installed to provide most of their hot water. What is truly groundbreaking in this respect is the fact that Barcelona has ventured to regulate rather than simply encouraging people to make use of solar energy. Solar arrays on the City Hall, and especially those on Forum Esplanade, have made Barcelona visible as a city that focuses on solar energy as part of the cityscape. Wouldn’t it be nice to have IES on a list with these great landmarks? Also, in 2002 saw the establishment the Barcelona Local Energy Agency, the purpose of which is to promote a sustainable attitude to the environment and urban energy consumption in particular. Thus, I feel it will not be hard to work with other organizations on this action.
(Sources: Look at 1.5)

1.3.1. "Cradle to Cradle" design

The information kit in the IES starter packet will be recycled and not duplicated. Add a log book into the starter kit that must be returned at the end of the semester to help analyze whether the idea of the packet is working, thus they will be returned. The solar energy itself is a great example of a natural cradle-to-cradle design. As the panel takes in sunlight it turns it into electricity, which provides electricity to the IES building (lights, heating, cooling, water temperature). Thus, the energy and money spent on the action is repaid by the energy generated by the solar panel. Only problem with cradle to cradle is that photovoltaic cells are not always reliable.

1.3.2. Questions for the unified survey

How familiar are you with solar energy?
Would you be willing to learn something (or more) about it?
Would you be willing to attend a speaker about solar energy?
Would you support an action to install solar panels for IES?

1.3.3. Analysis of the results in the survey

Looking at the results from the unified survey one can see that almost half of the survey pool is familiar with solar energy and supports it. A majority of that half would be willing to learn more about it. However, when it came to whether or not they would go see a speaker the survey pool was split in half (mainly due to the fact that the speaker may not fit into their schedule. The speaker would be ideally from gasNatural or the governmental environment agency.

1.3.4. Incentives

The most crucial incentive for IES to install solar panels is that it will save IES money on electricity in the long run. Having its own eco-efficient generator would be a fabulous investment for the years to come. An incentive for somebody to carry out this action is not only the opportunity to create greater self-worth, but to learn how to create, lead, and finish a movement. Incentives for those who help will include free pizza and refreshments and the ability to say they were a part of the green process. Incentive for Donors is that if they donate they obviously believe in solar energy as a practical solution to the overuse of fossil fuels for electricity, thus, by donating and making this action a reality they will have contributed to their belief.

1.3.5. Relationship with the "Sustainability Club" (SC)

If there was a Sustainability Club it would be granted the right to lead this action by reviewing the budget and watching over the funding. The club would also be able to modify the action in ways to make it more effective and efficient. Also, the club could use the money they raise through other actions like bike rentals to help fund the solar energy panels. I have talked to Kevin Mahoney about this idea dn he believes it can work.

1.3.6. How will this action be sustained when you are not here?

After I am gone, I hope that other students and faculty members will watch over the financing, continue to fundraise and seek out future sponsors to help make IES greener through the installation of solar energy.

1.3.7. Who will do what

The future environmental students at IES and staff will do most of the work, but it will take some time to raise funds and get enough awareness to make any progress with this action.

1.3.8. Comparison to similar actions form previous semesters

My action is different from past actions that have a similar theme because mine tries to educate the students and staffs so they fully understand what they are supporting and can help modify the action. Students will take a quick quiz after learning about the potential of solar energy during orientation.

1.3.9. Document format

Brochure (in doc. format):
Image Document15.docx

1.3.10. Copyright license of your report

I will choose CC-BY so that my work can be used and shared by others. I also want to make sure that people who use my work also allow others to share their modified versions.

1.4. Time-sheet / Chronogram

First Week- Allow for students and facultytto learn about solar energy during orientation
First Month- Begin to raise awareness and hold meetings to plan fundraisers (free pizza and drinks)
First half of Second month- Run fundraisers
Second half of Second month- work on lisencing and sponsors
Third and fourth month- installation and monitoring

1.5. References & Links

"Cost of Living in Barcelona." Cost of Living in Barcelona. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2012.
"Dac&." Barcelona: Leader in Solar Energy. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2012.
"Solar Energy." National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2012.

1.6. Annexes

Image Document15.docx

1.7. Students involved in this action

Daniel Karson is the leader of this action.
Students who helped in developing the action:
o John McCoy
o Michael Moran
o Kevin Mahoney

Page last modified on Tuesday 11 of December, 2012 20:29:20