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Urban Planning, Architecture and Transportation (Cached)

Session 14

ES/SO352 Sustainability - Session 14

S14: Urban Planning, Architecture and Transportation

Required readings:

Slideshow

Goals

  • See examples of urban designs in the North and in the South where the "Cradle to Cradle" & "Waste = Food" is followed, and some SLENs are fostered.
  • Are cities built for automobiles or for people? Identify the benefits when they are built for people
  • Identify the impact of urban planning in transportation needs, and transportation systems in urban planning.
  • Learn which transportation systems are more energy efficient, space-occupation efficient, and overall more eco-effective.
  • Find out more about the BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) system successfully applied in a few cities and countries already such as Bogotá in Colombia.
  • Learn the 3 main sinks of the energy spent in transportation on common combustion vehicles (cars, etc).
  • Discuss why Hypercar might be (or not) the solution to the problems of transportation systems.
    • In order to do so, you need first to identify the current problems of transportation systems.


Problems & Solutions

"A clever person fixes a problem. A wise person, avoids it." (Albert Einstein)


Fill in this table (in the white board at the end of the class) in class identifying usual problems related with Urbanization and Transportation systems and indicate potential solutions (clever or wise solutions)



Urbanization
Usual Problems needing solutions
  1. ...
  2. ...
  3. ...

    ...

Potential Solutions to the previous problems
  1. ...
  2. ...
  3. ...

    ...
Transportation
  1. ...
  2. ...
  3. ...

    ...

  1. ...
  2. ...
  3. ...

    ...

An image is (usually) worth a thousand words...

Image

Urban Planning (i) - Example of design in a Developed or BRIC Country

(BRIC = Brasil, Russia, India, China)

  • YouTube - William McDonough on Ecocities in China

    • William McDonough talks about his firms involvement in designing cities in China.


However, see also:

Urban Planning (ii) - Example in Cuba regarding food sovereignty

  • "ORGANOPONICO! AN AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION" (5')

    • A short film looking at the success of organic urban agriculture in Havana, Cuba. An example for cities around the world

Urban Planning (iii) - Example of design in a Developing Country (Benin)

  • BBtv World: Green tech and internet in West Africa

    • A visit the Songhaï Center (from the West African nation of Benin), a green tech project designed to develop a new generation of "agricultural entrepreneurs," and foster economic sustainability.

Problems & Solutions

"A clever person fixes a problem. A wise person, avoids it." (Albert Einstein)


Fill in this table (in the white board at the end of the class) in class identifying usual problems related with Urbanization and Transportation systems and indicate potential solutions (clever or wise solutions)



Urbanization
Usual Problems needing solutions
  1. ...
  2. ...
  3. ...

    ...

Potential Solutions to the previous problems
  1. ...
  2. ...
  3. ...

    ...



Transportation (i): What is a Hypercar

  • YouTube - EcoTech: Future fuels: Hypercar

    • It explains what is an hypercar. A much more efficient car, is a much less wasteful car.

Transportation (ii): How transportation systems affect urban life

  • YouTube - Streetfilms-BRT Transmilenio (Bogotá, Colombia)

    • It explores the world of Bus Rapid Transit aboard Bogota's Transmilenio. This video comes to you via Streetfilms (www.streetfilms.org) from the Open Planning Project in NYC.

Where does energy go in common combustion vehicles?

3 main sinks of the energy spent in transportation on common combustion vehicles (cars, etc)

  1. Aerodynamic drag
    Image
  2. Loss of energy at braking time
    Image
  3. Rolling resistance
    Image

Compared use of space

Source: 2007. UNEP. Global Environmetal Outlook.

Compared efficiency in space and energy use

Image
Image


Other interesting readings

Problems & Solutions

"A clever person fixes a problem. A wise person, avoids it." (Albert Einstein)


Fill in this table (in the white board at the end of the class) in class identifying usual problems related with Urbanization and Transportation systems and indicate potential solutions (clever or wise solutions)



Transportation
Usual Problems needing solutions
  1. ...
  2. ...
  3. ...

    ...

Potential Solutions to the previous problems
  1. ...
  2. ...
  3. ...

    ...



Other notes

Urban (re-)design to achieve 'Smart Cities' (image)
http://smartcitieshub.com/2012/11/11/smart-cities-ranking-methodology/
From http://smartcitieshub.com

Urban design:


Urban Planning

  • Example in Barcelona (CAT-ES). "URBES Barcelona - Embracing the Vision of a Greener Future" (7')
    http://youtu.be/lmWL3BgLug8
    This short film introduces Barcelona as one of the European cities aligned with the URBES - Urban Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services project. The URBES project is funded as part of the EU's 7th Framework Programme for Research by BiodivERsA, which is a network of 21 research-funding agencies across 15 European countries promoting pan-European research that generates new knowledge for the conservation and sustainable management of biodiversity.
    Question after the video:
    • Why the city council wants to create more green spaces in Barcelona city?


Other documents related to this session:

Page last modified on Thursday 08 of December, 2016 16:50:31